Ceriagrion rubellocerinum Fraser, 1947
Red-tipped Citril

Type locality: Reserved forest, Le Banco, near Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire


Male is similar to C. annulatum by (a) head may blacken with age, at least S3-6 usually largely black with maturity, but at least S8-10 remain red; (b) humeral and metapleural sutures with dark dots in fossae (may disappear with darkening of body); (c) Pt rhomboidal, anterior border shorter than posterior; (d) penis with small horn-like cone on each side of base of apex; (e) apex of S10 with thick black denticles, these often merged to form thick black ridge or cluster; (f) cerci broad, wider than long, often overlapping each other (dorsal view); (g) paraprocts without heel (lateral view). However, differs by (1) labrum green to blue, thorax becoming blackish and pruinose with age; (2) eyes dorsally dark reddish rather than all green in life; (3) Pt blackish rather than red; (4) apex of S10 with deep circular excision, fortified with thick rim of black denticles (dorsal view); (5) black tooth placed near internal corner of cerci (dorsal view). [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]

Habitat description

Standing and often temporary waters shaded by forest. Usually with coarse detritus and often emergent vegetation and probably submerged roots. From 0 to 900 m above sea level, but mostly below 700, although possibly up to 1300.


confirmed: Benin; Côte d'Ivoire; Cameroon; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ghana; Liberia; Nigeria; Republic of Guinea; Sierra Leone

Male © Jens Kipping

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Penis (lateral view)

Penis (ventral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Male; Liberia, Nimba County, Mt Tokadeh © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


  • Fraser, F.C. (1947). The Odonata of the Ivory Coast based on the mission of Dr. R. Paulin and P. Lepesmee. Transactions Royal Entomological Society London, 98, 19-39. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1963). Notes on both sexes of some tropical species of Ceriagrion Selys (Odonata). Annals Magazine Natural History, 6, 17-28. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1955). Odonata collected by J. Hamon in French West Africa. Revue francaise Entomologie, 22, 237-243. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2024-07-21].