Gomphidia bredoi (Schouteden, 1934)
Northern Fingertail


  • scientific: G. madi Pinhey, 1961
  • vernacular: River F.

Type locality: Eala, DRC


Male differs from other Gomphidia species by (1) ranging in relatively open habitats from Uganda to western Africa; (2) cerci rather straight like fingers (dorsal view) and quite strongly curved up (lateral view); (3) epiproct about 1/3 as long as cerci, its branches long and curved, with teeth at apex (lateral view), cleft between branches narrow (dorsal view). [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]

Habitat description

Rivers in open landscapes and open areas in forest. Often with a soft (like muddy) bottom and probably coarse detritus. Inferred to occur from 100 to 1100 m above sea level.


confirmed: Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ghana; Uganda; NOT confirmed: Côte d'Ivoire; Nigeria

© KD Dijkstra

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Orientale,

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Orientale,

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Equateur, Lower Itimbiri

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Orientale, Lower Aruwimi © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]
  • Longfield, C. (1959). The Odonata of N. Angola. Part II. Publicacoes culturais Companhia Diamantes Angola, 45, 13-42. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1949). Gomphidae from the Belgian Congo (order Odonata). Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 42, 101-138. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1962). Some records of Odonata collected in tropical Africa. Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 25, 20-50. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2024-06-21].