Phyllomacromia picta (Hagen in Selys, 1871)
Darting Cruiser

Type locality: Cape Province, South Africa


Male is similar to P. amicorum and P. flavimitella by (a) size, Hw 29-34 mm; (b) thorax with 2-3 pale stripes on each side: usually 1 antehumeral and 2 laterals, but one of these may be reduced; (c) dorsum of S10 with peak bearing 1-2 cones; (d) peak of S10 bearing 1 cone; (e) cerci yellow, may be darker at base, usually paler than epiproct. However, differs by (1) border of hamule abruptly bent, rather straight-edged, apical border running straight into hook; (2) genital lobe short and often dark, at most extends just beyond hook of hamule; (3) tips of cerci sharply pointed. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014; this diagnosis not yet verified by author]

Habitat description

Mostly rivers, but also large lakes and possibly streams, standing waters and flowing channels in marshes, in open landscapes, open areas in forest or shaded by gallery forest. Often with coarse detritus, submerged roots and a sandy and/or probably soft (like muddy) or gravelly bottom. From 0 to 1900 m above sea level, but mostly between 500 and 1500.


confirmed: Angola; Botswana; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Republic of South Africa; Swaziland; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe; NOT confirmed: Chad; Egypt; Lesotho; Mali

Male © Warwick Tarboton

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Abdominal segment 2 (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Female; Tanzania, Kigoma Region, Lower Malagarasi Basin © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Tanzania, Tanga Region, East Usambara Mts © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Female; Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Female; Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Katanga, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


  • de Sélys-Longchamps, E. (1871). Synopsis des Cordulines (en deux parties). Bulletin Academie royale Belgique, 31, 1-128.
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1961). Dragonflies (Odonata) of Central Africa. Occasional Papers Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, 14, 1-97. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1966). Check-list of dragonflies (Odonata) from Malawi, with description of a new Teinobasis Kirby. Arnoldia, 2, 1-24. [PDF file]
  • Barnard, K.H. (1937). Notes on dragon-flies (Odonata) of the S. W. Cape with descriptions of the nymphs and of new species. Annals South African Museum, 32, 169-260. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1954). New species of Macromia from tropical Africa. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 49, 41-76. [PDF file]
  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. [2024-07-20].