Crocothemis saxicolor Ris, 1919
Granite Scarlet

Type locality: Zimbabwe, no locality data available.


Male is similar to C. divisa by (a) face always cream to brown; (b) wing bases clear, at most with yellow wash along Hw membranule that does not extend beyond Cux; (c) 1-6 cell-doublings (rarely none) in radial planate of all wings; count those cells touching Rspl, but not IR3. However, differs by (1) occurring only from Mozambique to Zambia; (2) thorax and Abd with dark pattern on pale grey to red background, like granite (rather than uniformly pale brown to red); (3) both Hw triangles usually of 1 (rather than 2) cell. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]

Habitat description

Streams in open landscapes or shaded by gallery forest. Often with rocks. From 100 to 1900 m above sea level, but mostly around 1200.


confirmed: Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.


  • Ris, F. (1919). Libellulinen 9. Collections Zoologiques Baron Edm Selys Longchamps, 16, 1043-1278.
  • Ris, F. (1921). The Odonata or Dragonflies of South Africa. Annals South African Museum, XVIII, 245-452. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1961). Dragonflies (Odonata) of Central Africa. Occasional Papers Rhodes-Livingstone Museum, 14, 1-97. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1966). Check-list of dragonflies (Odonata) from Malawi, with description of a new Teinobasis Kirby. Arnoldia, 2, 1-24. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1962). New or little-known dragonflies (Odonata) of Central and Southern Africa. Occasional Papers National Museum Southern Rhodesia, 26, 892-911. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. [2024-07-21].