Phyllogomphus coloratus Kimmins, 1931
Helmeted Leaftail


  • scientific: P. montanus Fraser, 1957; P. hartwigi Buchholz, 1958; P. perisi (Compte Sart, 1963); P. margaritae Compte Sart, 1967

Type locality: Fernando Po (= Bioko), Equatorial Guinea


Male is similar to P. selysi by (a) posterior hamule slender, its posterior border almost straight; (b) S4-6 with pairs of yellow basal spots; (c) cerci about 2x as long as epiproct; (d) apices of cerci slender and pointed (dorsal view). However, differs by (1) ranging from C DRC to Cameroon; (2) inner branch of anterior hamule shorter than outer; (3) S10 humped, basal part of dorsal ridge abruptly arched; (4) cerci with pointed ventral tooth. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014; this diagnosis not yet verified by author]

Habitat description

Rivers and streams shaded by forest, but sometimes in open areas in forest. Often with a gravelly, sandy and/or probably soft (like muddy) bottom. From 0 to 700 m above sea level, but possibly higher up.


confirmed: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo-Brazzaville; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon

Male © Nicolas Meziere

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Abdominal segment 2 (lateral view)

Head (front)

Vulvar scale (ventral view)

Anterior hamule (ventral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Male; Gabon, NGOUNIE, route Mouila-Mimongo © Mézière, Nicolas


  • Kimmins, D.E. (1931). Phyllogomphus coloratus, a new African dragonfly (Odonata, Fam. Gomphidae). Annals Magazine Natural History Series 10, 7, 217-219. [PDF file]
  • Compte Sart, A. (1967). Boletin Real Sociedad Espanol Historia Natural, 65, 5-15. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1957). A revision of the genus Phyllogomphus Selys with descriptions of five new species. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 56, 9-32. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. [2024-06-23].